Scrum & UX Fundamentals


Scrum is a lightweight framework that helps people, teams, and organisations generate value through adaptive solutions for complex problems.

User Experience

User Experience (UX) refers to a user’s overall experience and satisfaction while interacting with a product, service, or system. It encompasses all aspects of the user’s interaction, including their emotions, perceptions, and attitudes before, during, and after using the product.

UX design aims to create intuitive, enjoyable, and effective products, providing users with a positive and seamless experience. UX designers focus on understanding users’ needs, preferences, and pain points to design solutions that meet those requirements and expectations.

Lean UX

Lean UX is a user-centric and iterative approach to product development that combines the principles of Lean Startup, Agile development, and user experience design. It aims to create products that meet user needs and continuously refine them based on real-world feedback and data.

Lean UX emphasises collaboration and cross-functional teamwork, with designers, developers, product managers, and other stakeholders working closely together throughout the product development. The team focuses on delivering value to users by reducing waste, avoiding unnecessary features, and quickly iterating on the product.

The key features of Lean UX include:

  • Minimum Viable Product (MVP): Releasing a minimal product version to validate assumptions and gather user feedback early in development.
  • Rapid Prototyping: Creating quick and low-fidelity prototypes to visualise ideas, test concepts, and gather feedback before investing in total development.
  • Continuous Iteration: Embracing a continuous improvement cycle, where each iteration is based on user feedback and insights gathered from the previous iteration.
  • Validated Learning: Making data-driven decisions based on real-world testing and user feedback rather than relying solely on assumptions or intuition.
  • Shared Understanding: Using collaborative workshops and visual artifacts to ensure all team members have a common understanding of the problem, solution, and user requirements.
  • Dual-Track Development: Combining discovery and delivery tracks to explore user needs and build the product simultaneously.
  • Flexibility and Adaptability: Being open to change and adapting quickly to new insights and market conditions.

Lean UX encourages a more efficient and user-focused product development process, leading to products that better meet user needs and have a higher chance of success in the market. By continuously learning and iterating, Lean UX teams can deliver products that evolve and improve based on real user experiences and data.

Scrum & Lean UX Together

Scrum and Lean UX share several similarities in their principles and practices, particularly in their focus on collaboration, iterative development, and delivering value to customers.

Both Scrum and Lean UX embrace an iterative and incremental approach. Scrum divides work into fixed-length Sprints, delivering usable Increments in each Sprint. Lean UX emphasises quick iterations and releasing minimum viable products (MVPs) to gather feedback and continuously improve the product.

Scrum and Lean UX prioritise the end-user’s or customers’ needs and satisfaction. Scrum aims to deliver value through frequent product releases, while Lean UX focuses on creating products that solve real user problems and meet user needs.

Both strive to reduce waste in their processes and acknowledge that requirements and user needs may change over time. They both promote adaptability and flexibility to respond to changing market conditions and customer demands. Scrum aims to deliver working products frequently to validate value delivery, while Lean UX focuses on building only the essential features to provide value quickly and efficiently.

Scrum and Lean UX emphasise collaboration and shared understanding. Scrum teams are cross-functional and self-managing, while Lean UX promotes close cooperation between designers, developers, and stakeholders. Both support continuous feedback and learning. Scrum teams conduct Sprint Reviews to gather input from stakeholders, while Lean UX practitioners conduct frequent user testing and gather user insights to validate assumptions and improve the product.

By combining these principles, Scrum and Lean UX can work together effectively to create a collaborative, iterative, and customer-focused product development process that delivers valuable, user-centric products.